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This template is used to cite online sources in articles.

Usage

Common forms

Common form (with current date)

{{cite web | title= | url= | work= | publisher= | date= | accessdate=2022-01-16}}

Using last, first and coauthor(s) (with current date)

{{cite web | last= | first= | coauthors= | title= | url= | date= | work= | publisher= | accessdate=2022-01-16 }}

Using author (with current date)

{{cite web | author= | title= | url= | work= | publisher= | date= | accessdate=2022-01-16 }}

Using non-linked retrieved date, last, first (month day)

{{cite web | last= | first= | title= | url= | work= | publisher= | date= | accessmonthday=January 16 | accessyear=2022}}

Using non-linked retrieved date, author (month day)

{{cite web | author= | title= | url= | work= | publisher= | date= | accessmonthday=January 16 | accessyear=2022}}

Using non-linked retrieved date, last, first (day month)

{{cite web | last= | first= | title= | url= | work= | publisher= | date= | accessdaymonth=16 January | accessyear=2022 }}

Using non-linked retrieved date, author (day month)

{{cite web | author= | title= | url= | work= | publisher= | date= | accessdaymonth=16 January | accessyear=2022 }}

Using archived version

{{cite web | author= | title= | url= | archiveurl= | work= | publisher= | archivedate= | date= | accessdate= 2022-01-16}}

All parameters

When copying all parameters, in either horizontal or vertical layout, delete those you don't need.

All parameters, horizontal layout

{{cite web |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title= |url= |archiveurl=|work= |publisher= |location= |pages= |language= |format= |doi= |date= |month= |year= |archivedate= |accessdate= |quote= }}

All parameters, vertical layout
{{cite web
| last        = 
| first       = 
| author      = 
| authorlink  = 
| coauthors   = 
| title       = 
| url         = 
| archiveurl  = 
| work        = 
| publisher   = 
| location    = 
| pages       = 
| language    = 
| format      = 
| doi         = 
| date        = 
| year        = 
| month       = 
| archivedate = 
| accessdate  = 
| quote       = 
}}

Required parameters

Please notice that none of the parameters should be capitalised, to avoid the article being tagged as having a broken citation. Use "url", "title", etc. and not "Url", "Title", etc.

  • url: URL of online item. Start the url with the communications protocol e.g. http://.
  • title: Title of online item.
  • Choose a date format from the following options that matches the main text of the article.
  • accessdate: Full date when item was accessed, in YYYY-MM-DD format, for example "accessdate = 2022-01-16". Must not be wikilinked.

Optional parameters

  • author: Author
    • last works with first to produce last, first
    • authorlink works either with author or with last & first to link to the appropriate wikipedia article. Does not work with URLs.
    • coauthors: allows additional authors
  • date: Full date of publication in the same format as the main text of the article. If in YYYY-MM-DD format, e.g. 2006-02-17, must not be wikilinked; it will be linked automatically.
    • OR: year: Year of publication, and month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead. Must not be wikilinked.
  • format: Format, e.g. PDF. HTML implied if not specified.
  • work: If this item is part of a larger "work", such as a book, periodical or website, write the name of that work.
  • publisher: Publisher, if any—for example if the website is hosted by a government service, educational institution, or company
    • location: Geographical place of publication.
  • pages: pp. 5–7: first page and optional last page. This is for listing the pages relevant to the citation, not the total number of pages in the book.
  • language: language of publication (don't specify "English" as this is the default).
  • doi: A digital object identifier for the document, such as 10.1038/news070508-7
    • Doilabel: If the doi contains some characters that must be escaped, use "doilabel" for the unescaped version.
  • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of the page, if (or in case) the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite and The Internet Archive. Requires archivedate.
  • archivedate: Date when the item was archived (requires archiveurl), in YYYY-MM-DD format, e.g. 2006-02-17. Must not be wikilinked.
  • quote: Relevant quote from online item.

Duplicate periods

By default, cite web separates fields with periods, so don't encode a field ending with a period or a duplicate period will be added. Example: publisher=Camelot, Inc will correctly show as Camelot, Inc. but publisher=Camelot, Inc. will incorrectly show as Camelot, Inc..

Examples

Some standard use cases
  • {{cite web |author=Doe, John |title=My favorite things part II |publisher=Open Publishing |date=2005-04-30 |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 }}
    →Doe, John (2005-04-30). My favorite things part II. Encyclopedia of things. Open Publishing. Retrieved on 2005-07-06.
  • {{cite web |author=Doe, John |title=My favorite things part II |date=2005-04-30 |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 }}
    → Doe, John (2005-04-30). My favorite things part II. Encyclopedia of things. Retrieved on 2005-07-06.
  • {{cite web |author=Doe, John |title=My favorite things part II |date=2005-04-30 |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 }}
    →Doe, John (2005-04-30). My favorite things part II. Retrieved on 2005-07-06.
  • {{cite web |author=Doe, John |title=My favorite things part II |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 }}
    →Doe, John. My favorite things part II. Retrieved on 2005-07-06.
  • {{cite web |title=My favorite things part II |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 }}
    My favorite things part II. Retrieved on 2005-07-06.
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/fans/ |title=Digest of rules |publisher= National Football League |accessdate=2005-07-06 }}
    Digest of rules. National Football League. Retrieved on 2005-07-06.
Using format
  • {{cite web |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |format=PDF |accessdate=2005-07-06 }}
    List of psychotropic substances under international control (PDF). International Narcotics Control Board. Retrieved on 2005-07-06.
language
  • {{cite web |author=Joliet, François |title=Honnit soit qui mal y pense |date=2005-04-30 |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 |language=French }}
    →Joliet, François (2005-04-30). Honnit soit qui mal y pense (French). Retrieved on 2005-07-06.
coauthors
  • {{cite web |first=John |last=Doe |coauthors=Smith, Peter; Smythe, Jim |title=My favorite things part II |publisher=Open Publishing |date=2005-04-30 |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2006-05-16 }}
    →Doe, John; Smith, Peter; Smythe, Jim (2005-04-30). My favorite things part II. Encyclopedia of things. Open Publishing. Retrieved on 2006-05-16.
No author
  • {{cite web |title=My favorite things part II |publisher=Open Publishing |date=2005-04-30 |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ | accessdate=2006-05-16 }}
    My favorite things part II. Encyclopedia of things. Open Publishing (2005-04-30). Retrieved on 2006-05-16.
No author, no publisher
  • {{cite web |title=My favorite things part II |date=2005-04-30 |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 }}
    My favorite things part II. Encyclopedia of things (2005-04-30). Retrieved on 2005-07-06.
  • {{cite web |title=My favorite things part II |date=2005-04-30 |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06}}
    My favorite things part II (2005-04-30). Retrieved on 2005-07-06.
  • {{cite web |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=2005-04-30 |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |format=PDF |accessdate=2005-07-06 |language=Greek }}
    List of psychotropic substances under international control (PDF) (Greek) (2005-04-30). Retrieved on 2005-07-06.
Using "archiveurl" and "archivedate" for webpages that have been archived
  • {{cite web |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=2005-04-30 |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |format=PDF |accessdate=2005-07-06 |archiveurl=http://www.archive.org/2005-09-11/www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archivedate=2005-09-11 }}
    List of psychotropic substances under international control (PDF) (2005-04-30). Archived from the original on 2005-09-11. Retrieved on 2005-07-06.
  • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=2006-03-31 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archiveurl=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archivedate=2006-04-26 }}
    Interview with Maggie Downs. The Desert Sun (2006-03-31). Archived from the original on 2006-04-26.
Using "quote"
  • {{cite web |title=My favorite things part II |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 |quote=Lorem ipsum dolor. }}
    My favorite things part II. Encyclopedia of things. Retrieved on 2005-07-06. “Lorem ipsum dolor.”
Omitting the "title" in error
  • {{cite web |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 |quote=Lorem ipsum dolor. }}
    →You must specify title = and url = when using {{cite web}}.. Encyclopedia of things. Retrieved on 2005-07-06. “Lorem ipsum dolor.”
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